OPEN BURNING, RECREATIONAL FIRES
AND PORTABLE OUTDOOR FIREPLACES
307.1 General. A person shall not kindle or maintain or authorize
to be kindled or maintained any open burning unless conducted
and approved in accordance with this section.
307.1.1 Prohibited open burning. Open burning that is
offensive or objectionable because of smoke emissions or
when atmospheric conditions or local circumstances make
such fires hazardous shall be prohibited.
307.2 Permit required. A permit shall be obtained from the
fire code official in accordance with Section 105.6 prior to
kindling a fire for recognized silvicultural or range or wildlife
management practices, prevention or control of disease or
pests, or a bonfire. Application for such approval shall only be
presented by and permits issued to the owner of the land upon
which the fire is to be kindled. [Permits are limited
County to Agriculture and Diseased Trees that have been certified
by the N.C. Department of Forestry due to Air Quality restrictions.]
307.2.1 Authorization. Where required by state or local
law or regulations, open burning shall only be permitted
with prior approval from the state or local air and water
quality management authority, provided that all conditions
specified in the authorization are followed.
307.3 Extinguishment authority. The fire code official is
authorized to order the extinguishment by the permit holder,
another person responsible or the fire department of open burning
that creates or adds to a hazardous or objectionable situation.
307.4 Location. The location for open burning shall not be less
than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from any structure, and provisions
shall be made to prevent the fire from spreading to within 50
feet (15 240 mm) of any structure.
1. Fires in approved containers that are not less than 15
feet (4572 mm) from a structure.
2. The minimum required distance from a structure shall
be 25 feet (7620 mm) where the pile size is 3 feet (914
mm) or less in diameter and 2 feet (610 mm) or less in
307.4.2 Recreational fires. Recreational fires shall not be
conducted within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure or combustible
material. Conditions which could cause a fire to
spread within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated
prior to ignition.
307.4.3 Portable outdoor fireplaces. Portable outdoor
fireplaces shall be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s
instructions and shall not be operated within 15 feet
(3048 mm) of a structure or combustible material.
Exception: Portable outdoor fireplaces used at one- and
307.5 Attendance. Open burning, bonfires, recreational fires
and use of portable outdoor fireplaces shall be constantly
attended until the fire is extinguished. A minimum of one portable
fire extinguisher complying with Section 906 with a minimum
4-A rating or other approved on-site fire-extinguishing
equipment, such as dirt, sand, water barrel, garden hose or
water truck, shall be available for immediate utilization.
Michael J. Petleski CFI
Asst. Fire Marshal / Fire Investigator
(704) 336-3846 (fax)